RESEARCH

This page lists all the published research work of the author, the full paper can be downloaded by clicking the research title.

A Study on Risk Taking Behaviour among Adolescents and Their Attachment with Parents and Peers

The present study examined the role of attachment level of adolescents with parents and peers and their indulgence in risk taking behaviour. Several studies have been reviewed on parental relationship with adolescents and adolescents risk taking behaviour. Researches over last few years have shown that indulgence of adolescents in risk taking behaviour and sexual activities is due to poor parenting practices and one of the prevailing factors is peer attachment. Since no studies related to attachment level of adolescents with parents and indulgence of adolescents in risk taking behaviour have been reviewed in Indian context. Thus to see the status of parent and peer attachment and risk taking behaviour among adolescents, this study was done on a sample of 100 undergraduate students that comprise of 50 males and 50 females. The results showed that females were more attached with their parents and peers in comparison to males. Risk taking behaviour and sexual activities were found to be higher among males than females. It was found that in females the desire of indulging in substance use and sexual activity was low as compared to males. First time indulgence in such behaviour was reported in presence of peers and due to peer pressure. Males reported that they faced ridicule because of not engaging in sexual activities and substance use. Thus positive peer pressure was found helpful in keeping females away from risk taking behaviour.
 
Keywords:
Adolescents, Risk taking behaviour, Peer Pressure, Sexual Debut among Adolescents.

 


 

Research on the causes and consequences of stress in organization had gained popularity since last decade. Researchers investigating organizational stress have noted a number of dysfunctional outcomes and coping strategies resulting from stress. Both physiological and psychological stress which ultimately affect the functioning and effectiveness of the organization and its employees. Stress and burnout are important concerns for those involved in human service. There is considerable evidence that burnout is directly associated with adverse health and well-being of people. (Maslach and Jackson, 1981). Burnout leads to emotional stress, physiological problems and various psychological problems. Whereas stress has been defined as a state wherein expected functioning of the employees get disturbed. The concept of proactive coping refers to the process of screening one’s environment for future stressors and undertaking attempts to prevent them. The present study aimed at exploring the relationship of job burnout with proactive coping among administrators. The study was done using self-reported inventory. Job burnout inventory (Maslach, 1981) and proactive coping inventory (Esther Greengass, 2011, revised) were used to assess the dimensions of job burnout and proactive coping, respectively. The study was conducted on a sample of 60 randomly selected teachers from various departments of Aligarh Muslim University. The statistical analysis was done using Pearson correlation method. Results showed that with more proactivity i.e. with increased future oriented thinking burnout can be controlled among the teachers which will result in better job accomplishment, less emotional exhaustion.

Keywords: Teachers’ professional developmentUniversityProactive CopingProactive Behaviors, and Job Burnout

 


 

Study of Relationship between Mental Health and Assertiveness among Adolescents

It is estimated that around 20 per cent of the world’s adolescents have a mental health or behavioral problem. The prevalence of mental disorders among adolescents has increased in the past 20–30 years; the increase is attributed to disrupted family structures, and families’ unrealistic educational and vocational aspirations for their children. Assertive communication is the skill to speak and communicate in a manner that respects and look upon the rights and opinions of others while also standing up for your own rights, needs and personal boundaries. The purpose of the researchers was to find the relationship between mental health and level of assertiveness among adolescents. 80 college going students were randomly selected as the sample for research from Amity University Lucknow. Rathus assertiveness scale and Mental Health Inventory by Srivastava A. were used for assessing assertiveness and mental health among adolescents. Analysis was done using t-test to find gender differences among adolescents and Pearson r was used for assessing relation between both the variables. The result showed no significant gender difference among adolescents on assertiveness and mental health, but both the genders were found to be low assertive. Insignificant correlation was found on both the variables among adolescents. WHO (2001) has recently proposed that mental health is a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community. Three ideas central to the improvement of health follow from this definition: mental health is an integral part of health, mental health is more than the absence of illness, and mental health is intimately connected with physical health and behavior. Mental health concerns everyone. It affects our ability to cope with and manage change, life events and transitions all human beings have mental health needs, no matter what the state of their psyche. Jahoda (1958) identified certain characteristics of mental health:

 Keywords: Child and adolescent mental healthMental HealthAdolescent DevelopmentAdolescents, and Assertiveness


Adolescent’s adjustment behaviour and self-image- the role of parent and peer attachment

Adolescence is an age of possibilities for children. It can also be defined more simply, as the threshold from childhood to adulthood. It is a crucial time for elders to help adolescents build on their development in the first decade of life. To guide them effectively so that they can cope up with risk and vulnerabilities and to set them on the path to fulfilling their potentials. India has the largest national population of adolescents i.e. 243 million. So here the task of parents and health professionals increases as to make sure proper development of adolescents by helping them in proper adjustment and to build positive self-image. Relationship is very important aspect of adolescents’ life. The kind of relationship adolescents have with their parent and peer had a large effect on their various aspects of life. Their relationship with parent and peers shows the level of attachment with them and attachment is generally defined as an enduring affectionate bond of substantial intensity. The purpose of the present study was to assess the role of parent and peers attachment on adolescents’ adjustment behaviour and self-image. 80 school going adolescents participated in the study. Samples were selected through random sampling method. Inventory of parent and peer attachment revised (2009) by Armsden G. and T. mark was used for assessing the level of parent and peer attachment. While for assessing the adjustment behaviour of adolescents, adjustment inventory by Dr. Penny Jain was used. Self-image was assessed with the help of Self-analysis test developed by Dr. Tiwari R. For statistical analysis t-test was used to find out the difference between mean scores of boys and girls on various variables, and Pearson correlation was used to find out the correlation of parent and peers attachment with adjustment behaviour and self-image. The results showed that the attachment level of females with their parents was higher in comparison to males and the difference between the mean score of females and males for attachment level with mother and peer was found to be significant at 0.5 levels and 0.1 levels. Parental and peer attachment was positively correlated with adjustment behaviour whereas it was negatively correlated with self-image discrepancy among adolescents.

Keywords:  Social PsychologyParent Child RelationshipsAdolescentSelf-imageSocial Adjustment


 

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